Aim: The chronic diseases of childhood affect significantly on those who take care of them. Mostly this is the duty of mothers. Mothers are the primary caretakers, so they may have psychological problems. There are limited numbers of studies on the depression of mothers who take care of the children with Familial Mediterranean Fever. Aim of the study was to investigate depression levels and factors related to depression in mothers of children with Familial Mediterranean Fever. Material and Methods: The mothers of children diagnosed with Familial Mediterranean fever, aged between 24 and 54 years, educated and voluntarily wanted to join the research were selected (n:53). Socieodemographic and clinic data form and Beck Depression Inventory form were given to them. Results: The mean beck depression inventory score was 16.36.8. According to the classification of Beck Depression Inventory, 35.8% of mothers had minimal depression, 32.1% had mild, 26.4% had moderate and 5.7% had severe depression. A weak positive relationship was found between the Beck Depression Inventory score and the numbers of child in the family. The mean attack of Familial Mediterranean Fever in the last year was statistically and significantly high in those mothers who were depressed than who were not. Conclusion: The level of depression in the mothers of children diagnosed with Familial Mediterranean Fever was close to the cut-off point of Turkish standards (17 points). The severity of the Familial Mediterranean Fever and the depression of the mothers were having a parallel relationship. Children of depressed mothers were having more Familial Mediterranean fever episodes.
Background: Childhood obesity has become a growing health problem in Egypt and other countries in the world. The prevalence of albuminuria is higher in obesity, and could represent an early indicator for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in obese adolescents. Whether there is a real association between albuminuria and other CVD risk factors remains a matter of debate. Purpose: In an attempt to answer this debate question, this study aims to assess the association of urinary albumin with central obesity, blood pressure, fasting lipid profile, and insulin resistance in obese adolescents. Methods: Forty obese adolescents aged 10-18 years, diagnosed with simple obesity were recruited from the National Nutrition Institute in Egypt. Exclusion criteria were adolescents with diabetes, kidney or liver prob-lems, and/or hormonal abnormalities. Measurements included anthropometric assess-ment, blood pressure measurement; and lab analysis for urinary albumin, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, and fasting lipid profile. The Spearman correlation coefficient was used for statistical analysis. Results: Statistically significant p ositive c orrelations h ave b een f ound o nly between albuminuria and each of: duration of obesity (r=0.93, p= 0.00), waist/height ratio (r=0.65, p=0.00), and/or systolic blood pressure (r=0.33, p= 0.041). Conclusions: Urinary albumin has been significantly a ssociated w ith t he long-term exposure to excess body weight, central fatness, and systolic blood pressure, but not with diastolic blood pressure, dyslipidemia or insulin resistance in obese adolescents. Early detection of al-buminuria can have a protective role against future hypertension and related target organ damage in this young population. The observations of our study may aid efforts directed to planning better health care system for obese children and/or adolescents in Egypt.
Background and Purpose: The prevalence of overweight and/or obesity due to lack of exercise practice is higher among college students in Egypt, which can increase the risk for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in this young-aged population. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to assess the barriers to exercise that could face the overweight and obese physiotherapy students in Egypt. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted and included 703 physiotherapy college students recruited from three Egyptian uni-versities: Cairo University, Beni Suef University, and Delta University. The inclusion criteria were male and female undergraduate students; overweight/obese and normal weight students; their mean age was 20.5 1.45 years. The assessment tool for the study was an Arabic modified version of an original English self-report survey consisting of 14 items representing potential barriers to exercise/physical activity. Results: The majority of perceived barriers to exercise/physical activity showed a significant difference between college students with different BMI, residence, and/or geographic location. Moreover, this study showed that, the most important barrier for normal weight and overweight students was lack of time (51.4% & 46.8%), while, the somewhat important exercise barriers perceived by the highest percentage of both normal weight and overweight students were lack of motivation (36% & 47%), lack of skills (43%&41%), and lack of friends’ support (38.5 % &43.9%). Furthermore, for obese students, the somewhat important barriers to exercise perceived by the highest percentage of them were lack of motivation (46.7%), lack of enjoyment (40%), inaccessibility to convenient physical activity places (42.7%), and lack of time (46.1%). Conclusions: BMI, residence and its geographic location have made a difference in perceiving barriers to exercise/physical activity. Common denominator barriers to exercise/physical among all physiotherapy students, regardless of body weight status, were lack of time and lack of motivation. This study can aid authorities in Egyptian universities to better recognize the barriers to exercise between college students, so that properly designed policies and strategies are implemented.